WHAT IS THE ITALIAN CADASTRE?
The Italian Cadastre is a sort of “database” of land and buildings present throughout the national territory. It collects the geometric and typological data of all properties, and assigns a cadastral income to each of them, which is then needed to calculate various taxes.
There are two types of Cadastre: the “Catasto Fabbricati” (N.C.E.U. – Nuovo Catasto Edilizio Urbano), which collects the geometric and typological characteristics of all buildings, and the “Catasto Terreni” (N.C.T. – Nuovo Catasto Terreni), which collects all the geometric and typological characteristics of land.
Each property, once it has been entered in the “database”, undergoes various changes over time (such as fractionations, mergers, or the different distribution of the internal spaces), which must be reported to the Cadastre by means of Cadastral Updating Operations, drawn up by a Qualified Professional.
WHY IS THE ITALIAN CADASTRE IMPORTANT?
As we have said, the Italian Cadastre has the important function of providing the State with the tools to calculate various taxes.
For this reason, an accurate and correct update of the Cadastre can make a significant difference to the amount of our taxation.
It is also important because it helps (although not constituting evidence for legal purposes) to clearly define our rights (ownership, usufruct, etc.) over each property on the Italian National Territory.